I have already covered the word الودْق in a 2 part video presentation which can be watched HERE
Let us examine the word المطر and identify the meanings of it in classical dictionaries as well as the hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him)
المَطَرُ: الماء المنكسب من السَّحاب
المطر is the rain obtained from the clouds
مُطِرْنَا بِفَضْلِ اللهِ وَ رَحْمَتِهِ
“It has rained by the bounty of Allah and His Mercy”
Islamic scholars such Imam Suyuti believe that the language of Quran, every word, sentence structure, ayah position etc. has been perfected. It is as if the Arabic language was specifically created for the Quran and the Quran alone. This is why 2 words in the Quran can never mean the same thing because of the precision in the Quran.
Examples in the Quran include:
In the single instance in the Quran it refers to a physical rain, but is used to mean a rain that causes harm to one.
إِن كَانَ بِكُمْ أَذًى مِّن مَّطَرٍ أَوْ كُنتُم مَّرْضَىٰ أَن تَضَعُوا أَسْلِحَتَكُمْ ۖ وَخُذُوا حِذْرَكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَعَدَّ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُّهِينًا
طَمَرَ البئرَ طَمْراً: دفَنها
He buried a well i.e. He covered it up.
as well as
الطَّمْر is burying a corpse
In the Quran, this rain is used for the punishments that befell the previous nations that cover up and buried those who were destroyed.